Республика Македония / Република Македонија

Республика Македония является небольшая страна, расположенная в южной части Балканского полуострова

   Она граничит с несколькими странами: на севере она граничит с Сербией и Косово, на западе Албании, Греции на юге, а также Болгарии на восток. Есть несколько пересечения границ со всеми соседними странами. Столицей является город Скопье, с 700000 жителей, и существует целый ряд более мелких городов, в частности Битола, Куманово, Прилеп, Тетово, Охрид, Велеса, Штипе и Струмице. Республика Македония является настоящим кладезем культуры, искусства и природы. Как вряд ли где-либо в мире, это региональные сокровища большое количество исторических памятников: церквей, икон, монастырей, археологические памятники, мечети, старинные книги и другие артефакты, а также национальных парков, старых озер, картины долины и прекрасной земли.
1

Генеральная
Республика Македония занимает площадь 25.713 км2
Население (последняя перепись 2004 года) 2.071,210sfjgfdkНациональный флаг
Флаг Республики Македония представляет собой желтое солнце на красном фоне. Желтый и красный цвета представляют собой типичные цвета македонского государства. Флаг был принят 5 октября 1995 года.

Языки
Официальный и наиболее распространенным языком является македонский язык, который принадлежит к восточной ветви групп южнославянских языков. Алфавит кириллица с 31 буквами. Языки национальностей, которые в муниципалитетах, где они живут более 20% (албанский язык, турецкий и т.д.) также являются официальными языками. Другие языки, включая Македонский, являются албанскими, Romani, турецкий, сербский, Vlach (Aromanian), греческий и другие говорят примерно группы.

Этносы
Самая крупная этническая группа в стране этнических македонцев, которые составляют 65%. Есть несколько других национальных меньшинств, а именно: албанцы 25%, турки 3,85%, 2,66% рома, сербы 1,78%, боснийцы 0,84% и 0,48% аромуны.

2


Religion
The majority 65% of the population belongs to the Macedonian Orthodox religion. The Muslims, which are on the second place, comprise 33.3% of the population and other Christian denominations comprise 0.37%.
The remainder (1.63%) is recorded as "unspecified" in the 2002 national census. Most of the native Albanians, Turks and Bosnians are Muslims, as are a minority of the country's ethnic Macedonian population, known as Macedonian Muslims.

Economy
The Republic of Macedonia is a developing country. Its economy is in the process of transition. The objectives of its development are market economy and process of privatization. The country is abundant in mineral resources, such as iron, coal, zinc, lead, copper, gold and chrome.

National holidays
1st January: New Year
6-7 January: Orthodox Christmas
8th March: International Women's Day
1st and 2nd: Easter Day (follow the Orthodox calendar)
1st May: Labour Day
24 May: St.Cyrilus and St. Methodius Day
2nd August: Ilinden
8th September: Independence Day

3


Travel documents
For an up to three-month stay in Macedonia, a valid passport is all you need if you come from Europe, most of the American countries, Japan, etc. Furthermore, there is a list of countries whose citizens can enter Macedonia by presenting their identity cards. For more information on visas, please visit mfa.gov.mk.

Traveling by plane
You have scheduled flights to the capital Skopje from almost all international airports. Macedonian Airlines and several international airliners (Croatia Airlines, Adria Airways, Austrian Airlines, JAT Airways, MALEV Airlines, Turkish Airlines, CZECH Airlines, and Alitalia) fly to Skopje daily. During the peak season, the number of flights is increased and a number of charter flights are offered to the most important tourist destinations. For more information, please visit airports.com.mk.

Traveling by car
During the summer months traffic at the borders is a bit heavier, and that can cause some delay. To enter and drive in Macedonia, you will require a green insurance card and valid national or international driving permit.
Fuel: Petrol stations in big towns and cities as well as on important roads are open non-stop, otherwise the working hours are from 6:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Lead-free petrol, called bezoloven (green label) and diesel is available on all petrol stations. In July and August news and traffic information are broadcast in English and German regularly on main Macedonian broadcast stations. A toll is payable on motorways.

Regulations
Traffic drives on the right. Speed limits are 120km/h (75mph) on motorways, 80km/h (50mph) on dual carriageways, 50kph (31mph) in built-up areas and 80kph (50mph) outside built-up areas. The amount of the fine depends on the extent of the infraction committed.
Blood/alcohol limit is 0.5 %.
Accidents must be reported to the police (Policija) immediately. Police emergency number is 192.
Macedonian automobile club AMSM (Avto Moto Sojuz na Makedonija) works together with other international automobile clubs. AMSM, "Ivo Ribar - Lola" 51, 1000 Skopje, tel: + 389 2 3181 181. Road service of the AMSM is available round the clock by dialling 196.
Information on tolls:
makedonijapat.com.mk.
Information on gasoline prices:
makpetrol.com.mk, lukoil.com.mk.
List of natural gas stations:
makpetrol.com.mk, lukoil.com.mk.

Geography
The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked country that is geographically clearly defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar River and framed along its borders by mountain ranges. Space The Republic's terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Shara and Osogovo, which frame the valley of the Vardar River.
Three large lakes - Lake Ohrid, Lake Prespa and Dojran Lake - lie on the southern borders of the Republic, bisected by the frontiers with Albania and Greece. Space Ohrid is considered to be one of the oldest lakes and biotopes in the world. The Republic of Macedonia also has scenic mountains.
They belong to two different ranges: Dinarska and Rodopska. The Dinarska range is the oldest with subsequent erosion; the Rodopska range is younger offering rugged, alpine scenery.

Climate
In Republic of Macedonia there are three main climate types: modified mediterranean, mountainous and moderate continental climate.
The summers are hot and dry and the winters are moderately cold. The warmest region is the Demir Kapija and Gevgelija region, where the temperature in July and August frequently exceeds 40°C. The mountainous climate is present in the mountainous regions of the country and it is characterised by long and snowy winters and short and cold summers. The spring is colder than the fall. The majority of the country has a moderate continental climate with warm and dry summers and relatively cold and wet winters.

3

When to visit Macedonia?
The best period to visit our country is from April to October. Peak temperatures in high season summer months (July, August) can reach 40°C and the water surface at lakes at that point reaches a comfortable 26°C. High season has its obvious advantages for people looking for fun and excitement and disadvantages for others, but in Macedonia you can always find some nice hidden place if you want to sleep far from loud music. Spring starting in March can bring some rain showers, but the autumn months, September and October, are ideal for travel if you want to relax. During winter season, however, you should pack some warm clothing in spite of the mild Mediterranean climate.

Electricity
220 volts, 50Hz. Plugs have two round pins or three round pins for appliances that need to be earthed. If you need adapters or transformers (for USA equipment check things like notebooks or electric razors if they have a switch), inquire in bigger shops with electric supplies or in supermarkets.

Shopping
Traditional handicrafts that cover a range of items like embroidery (table clothes, clothes and other), lace, silver filigree jewellery or jewellery made of corrals and sea shelves, woodcarvings and ceramics make good souvenirs. If you go shopping for clothes or shoes, the prices in our shops will not be a pleasant surprise. Therefore, if you're not particularly attached to designer's clothes, take a look in small boutiques and on the market. Prices are much lower and the choice gets to be quite good during the high season.

4

Money
The Republic of Macedonia obtained its currency in the year 1992, soon after the separation from Yugoslavia. In the year 1993 the DENAR (MKD) was introduced. Notes are in denominations of: 5000, 1000, 500, 100, 50 and 10 MKD. Coins are in denominations of: 50, 10, 5, 2 and 1 MKD.

Banks
Banking hours: 8 a.m. till 7 p.m. Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. till noon on Saturdays. All banks are closed on Sunday and public holidays. Cash machines, though seldom found outside the major towns and resorts, are operative 24 hours a day.

Credit cards and other means of payment
Standard credit cards like Euro card/MasterCard, Diners, American Express and Visa are widely accepted in Macedonia. All shops, restaurants, agencies, hotels and other services usually have logo stickers on the door or other visible place for you to be sure which credit cards they accept. You can take cash advance on Euro card/MasterCard and Diners in most post offices. Banks and moneychangers as well as some hotels accept travellers' checks. Usually a 3% commission is charged for cashing a traveller's check.

Post Offices
You can spot post offices in Macedonia from the yellow sign with the lettering MP. Telephoning can be done at the post office (with a telephone card as well), they also offer telegram and fax service, and money changing. Postcards and stamps are available in post offices and on most kiosks. Paper and envelopes are available in all stationer's shops and post offices.

Telephone, mobile phone and fax
Telephone network is administered by the Macedonian Telecommunication Company. There are telephone booths every where telephone sets operate by means of magnetic cards bought in the post office or a kiosk. All post offices have fax service. Calling from Macedonia, international access code is
00, after which you dial the country code.
Calling Macedonia from abroad: you should dial your regular exit code
00, followed by the Macedonian country code 389.

Dictonary
Rechnik
English
Angliski
Macedonian
Makedonski
Basic
Osnovni
...
...
more
povekje
 

5

We present you several programs for tours in Macedonia, in this part of our site. All the programs, except the individual Ohrid Summer Holidays have been made for organised groups, organisations, associations and Tour Operators that are interested in cooperation with our agency. All the programs on the list were created and realised with a number of Tour operators from Western Europe in the last several years.
In case you would like to make a different tour, with other subject matter, destinations, longer or shorter trips, we may offer you more alternatives in Macedonia and all over Balkans, as well.